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GCE-LTER Comprehensive Species List

Scope of the List:  This is a partial listing of common species that occur in the Georgia Coastal Ecosystems Long Term Ecological Research Project study domain.  The list has been constructed mainly from anecdotal observations at monitoring sites but also includes species which are likely to occur but which have not been observed directly.  This listing is generated dynamically from the GCE Taxonomic Database, which is maintained and updated periodically by the contributors listed below.

List Contributors:
Thomas Dale Bishop, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia
Steven Y. Newell, University of Georgia Marine Institute, Sapelo Island, Georgia
Steven C. Pennings, University of Houston, Houston, Texas
Caroline M. Reddy, University of Georgia, Sapelo Island, Georgia

Animalia - Chordata - Vertebrata (Mammalia)
Scientific Name Common Name Habitats (key) Resources
Trichechus manatus (Trichechidae) West Indian Manatee, manatee, Manatí del Caribe, Caribbean manatee S:B, S:M, T:S Photo available
       
Animalia - Chordata - Vertebrata (Reptilia)
Scientific Name Common Name Habitats (key) Resources
Alligator mississippiensis (Alligatoridae) American Alligator, Aligator americano, alligator, gator, Florida alligator, Mississippi alligator, Louisiana alligator H:MR, S:B, S:F Photo available
Nerodia taxispilota (Colubridae) Brown Water Snake H:MR, S:F Photo available
       
Animalia - Chordata - Vertebrata (Amphibia)
Scientific Name Common Name Habitats (key) Resources
Anaxyrus terrestris aka (Bufonidae) Southern Toad S:F, T:T
Gastrophryne carolinensis aka (Microhylidae) Eastern Narrow-mouthed Toad S:F, T:T Photo available
Hyla cinerea (Hylidae) Green Tree Frog, Green Treefrog S:F Photo available
Hyla femoralis (Hylidae) Pine Woods Treefrog S:F
Hyla gratiosa (Hylidae) Barking Treefrog S:F
Hyla squirella (Hylidae) Squirrel Treefrog S:F
Lithobates grylio (Ranidae) Pig Frog S:F
Lithobates sphenocephalus (Ranidae) Southern Leopard Frog S:F
Pseudacris ocularis (Hylidae) Little Grass Frog  
       
Animalia - Mollusca - Bivalvia
Scientific Name Common Name Habitats (key) Resources
Amygdalum papyrium (Mytilidae) Atlantic papermussel S:M
Crassostrea virginica (Ostreidae) eastern oyster S:B, S:M Photo availableData available
Cyrenoida floridana (Cyrenoididae) Florida marshclam S:B, S:F
Gemma gemma (Veneridae) amethyst gemclam S:B, S:M Data available
Geukensia demissa (Mytilidae) ribbed mussel, ribbed-mussel S:B, S:M Photo availableData available
Perna viridis (Mytilidae) Green mussel   Photo available
Polymesoda caroliniana (Corbiculidae) Carolina marshclam   Data available
Tagelus plebeius (Solecurtidae) stout tagelus S:B, S:M
       
Animalia - Mollusca - Gastropoda
Scientific Name Common Name Habitats (key) Resources
Assiminea succinea (Assimineidae) Atlantic assiminea   Data available
Detracia floridana (Ellobiidae) florida melampus S:B Data available
Hydrobiidae (various spp.) none S:B, S:F, S:M Data available
Littoraria irrorata (Littorinidae) marsh periwinkle S:B, S:M Photo availableData available
Melampus bidentatus (Ellobiidae) eastern melampus S:B, S:F, S:M Photo availableData available
Nassarius obsoletus aka Ilyanassa obsoleta (Nassariidae) eastern mudsnail S:M Photo availableData available
Neritina usnea (Neritidae) olive nerite S:B, S:F, S:M
Succineidae (various spp.) none S:F Data available
       
Animalia - Arthropoda - Crustacea (Malacostraca)
Scientific Name Common Name Habitats (key) Resources
Aratus pisonii aka (Sesarmidae) mangrove tree crab   Photo available
Armases cinereum (Sesarmidae) squareback marsh crab S:B, S:F, S:M Photo availableData available
Callinectes exasperatus (Portunidae) rugose swimming crab   Photo available
Callinectes sapidus (Portunidae) blue crab, bluepoint S:B, S:F, S:M Photo available
Cyathura burbancki (Anthuridae) none S:M
Cyathura polita (Anthuridae) none S:B, S:M
Eurytium limosum (Panopeidae) broadback mud crab S:B, S:M Photo availableData available
Gammarus palustris (Gammaridae) none  
Hargeria rapax (Leptocheliidae) none S:B, S:F, S:M
Hyalella azteca (Hyalellidae) none S:F
Lysmata wurdemanni (Hippolytidae) peppermint shrimp   Photo available
Ocypode quadrata aka (Ocypodidae) Atlantic ghost crab   Photo available
Orchestia grillus (Talitridae) none S:B, S:F, S:M
Orchestia uhleri (Talitridae) none S:B, S:M
Palaemonetes pugio (Palaemonidae) daggerblade grass shrimp S:B, S:F, S:M
Petrolisthes armatus (Porcellanidae) green porcelain crab   Photo available
Probopyrus pandalicola (Bopyridae) none H:PR
Sesarma reticulatum (Sesarmidae) heavy marsh crab, purple marsh crab S:B, S:F, S:M Photo availableData available
Uca minax (Ocypodidae) redjointed fiddler, red-joint fiddler S:B, S:F Photo availableData available
Uca pugilator (Ocypodidae) Atlantic sand fiddler S:M Photo availableData available
Uca pugnax (Ocypodidae) Atlantic marsh fiddler S:B, S:M Photo availableData available
Uhlorchestia spartinophila (Talitridae) none S:M Photo available
       
Animalia - Arthropoda - Crustacea (Maxillopoda)
Scientific Name Common Name Habitats (key) Resources
Balanus amphitrite (Balanidae) none H:FL, S:B, S:M
Balanus eburneus (Balanidae) ivory barnacle H:FL, S:B, S:M
Balanus trigonus (Balanidae) none H:FL, S:B, S:M
Chthamalus fragilis (Chthamalidae) none H:FL, S:B, S:M Photo availableData available
Megabalanus coccopoma (Balanidae) none H:FL, S:B, S:M
       
Animalia - Arthropoda - Insecta
Scientific Name Common Name Habitats (key) Resources
Amblycorypha floridana (Tettigoniidae) none   Photo available
Bucrates malivolans (Tettigoniidae) none H:MR, S:F Photo available
Ceratopogonidae (various spp.) biting midges S:B, S:F, S:M
Chaetopsis aenea aka (Otitidae) none H:MR, S:M Photo available
Chaetopsis apicalis aka (Otitidae) none H:MR, S:M Photo available
Chironomidae (various spp.) midges S:B, S:F, S:M
Chlorochroa senilis (Pentatomidae) none H:MR, S:B, T:T Photo available
Conocephalus aigialus (Tettigoniidae) none H:MR, S:B, S:M Photo available
Conocephalus fasciatus (Tettigoniidae) slender meadow grasshopper H:MR, S:B, S:M Photo available
Conocephalus hygrophilus (Tettigoniidae) none H:MR, S:B, S:M Photo available
Conocephalus nigropleuroides (Tettigoniidae) none H:MR, S:B, S:M Photo available
Conocephalus spartinae (Tettigoniidae) salt marsh meadow grasshopper H:MR, S:B, S:M Photo available
Culicidae (various spp.) mosquitoes S:B, S:F, S:M
Delphacodes penedetecta (Delphacidae) none   Data available
Ephydridae (various spp.) brine flies S:B, S:F, S:M
Hesperotettix floridensis (Acrididae) none H:UF, S:B, S:M Photo availableData available
Ischnodemus badius (Blissidae) none H:MR, S:B, T:T Photo available
Leptysma marginicollis (Acrididae) slender locust H:MR, S:F Photo available
Mermiria intertexta (Acrididae) none S:M Photo availableData available
Neoconocephalus melanorhinus (Tettigoniidae) none H:MR, S:B, S:M Photo available
Neoconocephalus robustus (Tettigoniidae) none H:MR, S:F Photo available
Ophraella notulata (Chrysomelidae) none S:B, S:M Photo available
Orchelimum concinnum (Tettigoniidae) dusky-faced meadow grasshopper H:MR, S:B, S:M Photo availableData available
Orchelimum erythrocephalum (Tettigoniidae) red-head meadow grasshopper   Photo availableData available
Orchelimum fidicinium (Tettigoniidae) none H:HM, H:MR, S:B, S:M Photo availableData available
Orphulella pelidna (Acrididae) none S:M Data available
Paria aterrima (Chrysomelidae) none S:B, S:M Photo availableData available
Paroxya clavuliger (Acrididae) none S:B, S:M Photo availableData available
Prokelisia marginata (Delphacidae) none S:B, S:M Photo availableData available
Romalea microptera aka Romalea guttatus, Romalea guttata (Romaleidae) none S:F Photo availableData available
Schistocerca obscura (Acrididae) none H:MR, H:UF, S:B, S:F, S:M Photo availableData available
Sparganothis spp (Order Lepidoptera) none S:M
Tabanidae (various spp.) clegs S:B, S:F, S:M
Trigonotylus uhleri (Miridae) none   Data available
Trirhabda bacharidis (Chrysomelidae) none S:M Photo available
Tytthus vagus (Miridae) none   Data available
       
Animalia - Arthropoda - Arachnida
Scientific Name Common Name Habitats (key) Resources
Kukulcania hibernalis (Filistatidae) southern house spider T:T Photo available
Nephila clavipes (Nephilidae) golden silk orbweaver T:T Photo available
       
Animalia - Annelida - Oligochaeta
Scientific Name Common Name Habitats (key) Resources
Enchytraeidae (various spp.) none  
Tubificidae (various spp.) none  
       
Animalia - Annelida - Polychaeta
Scientific Name Common Name Habitats (key) Resources
Capitella capitata (Capitellidae) none S:B, S:M
Heteromastus filiformis (Capitellidae) none S:B, S:M
Laeonereis culveri (Nereididae) none S:B, S:F, S:M
Manayunkia aestuarina (Sabellidae) none S:B, S:M
Namalycastis abiuma (Nereididae) none S:B, S:F
Neanthes succinea (Nereididae) none S:B, S:M Photo available
Streblospio benedicti (Spionidae) none S:B, S:M
       
Animalia - Platyhelminthes - Trematoda
Scientific Name Common Name Habitats (key) Resources
Pleurogonius malaclemys (Pronocephalidae) none S:M Photo available
       
Plantae - Tracheophyta (vascular plants) - Polypodiopsida (ferns)
Scientific Name Common Name Habitats (key) Resources
Osmunda regalis (Osmundaceae) royal fern S:F
Thelypteris palustris aka (Thelypteridaceae) marsh fern, meadow fern, eastern marsh fern   Data available
       
Plantae - Tracheophyta (vascular plants) - Pinopsida (conifers)
Scientific Name Common Name Habitats (key) Resources
Juniperus virginiana aka Juniperus silicicola (Cupressaceae) eastern red-cedar, genévrier rouge, red cedar juniper, eastern redcedar T:T Photo available
Taxodium distichum (Cupressaceae) baldcypress, bald cypress S:F
       
Plantae - Tracheophyta (vascular plants) - Magnoliopsida (angiosperms)
Scientific Name Common Name Habitats (key) Resources
Agalinis maritima (Orobanchaceae) seaside gerardia, saltmarsh false foxglove   Data available
Ampelopsis arborea aka (Vitaceae) peppervine   Data available
Atriplex patula (Amaranthaceae) halberd-leaf orache, spear saltweed, spear saltbush, spear orach, spear-scale, spreading orache S:B Photo availableData available
Avicennia germinans (Acanthaceae) black mangrove   Data available
Baccharis halimifolia (Asteraceae) eastern baccharis S:M Photo availableData available
Batis maritima (Bataceae) turtleweed, saltwort S:M Photo availableData available
Bidens laevis (Asteraceae) smooth beggarticks, bur marigold H:MR, S:F Photo available
Bolboschoenus robustus aka Scirpus robustus (Cyperaceae) sturdy bulrush S:B, S:M Data available
Borrichia frutescens (Asteraceae) bushy seaside tansy, bushy seaoxeye S:M Photo availableData available
Carex spp. ( (Cyperaceae) laîches S:F
Cephalanthus occidentalis (Rubiaceae) buttonbush, common buttonbush S:F
Ceratophyllum demersum (Ceratophyllaceae) coon's-tail, coontail, hornwort, common hornwort, coon's tail H:UF, S:F Photo available
Cicuta maculata (Apiaceae) water hemlock, common water hemlock, poison parsnip, spotted cowbane, spotted parsley, spotted water-hemlock, spotted waterhemlock, spotted water hemlock H:MR, S:F Photo availableData available
Cladium jamaicense aka Cladium mariscus (Cyperaceae) Jamaica swamp sawgrass H:MR, S:B Photo availableData available
Cuscuta indecora (Convolvulaceae) largeseed dodder, pretty dodder, bigseed alfalfa dodder   Data available
Cyperus haspan aka (Cyperaceae) haspan flatsedge   Data available
Cyperus pseudovegetus aka (Cyperaceae) marsh flatsedge   Data available
Cyperus spp. ( (Cyperaceae) nutgrass , S:B, S:F Data available
Dichanthelium spp. ( (Poaceae) rosette grass ,   Data available
Distichlis littoralis aka Monanthochloe littoralis (Poaceae) none   Data available
Distichlis spicata (Poaceae) desert saltgrass, marsh spikegrass, saltgrass, inland saltgrass, seashore saltgrass S:B, S:M Photo availableData available
Eichhornia crassipes aka (Pontederiaceae) common water-hyacinth, water hyacinth, floating waterhyacinth, floating water hyacinth, jacinthe d'eau, jacinto de agua, lirio acuatico, mbekambekairanga, common water hyacinth   Photo available
Eleocharis fallax aka (Cyperaceae) creeping spikerush   Data available
Eleocharis palustris aka (Cyperaceae) spikesedge, creeping spikerush, common spikerush, marsh spike-rush, creeping spike-rush   Data available
Eleocharis spp. ( (Cyperaceae) spikesedge S:F Data available
Eustoma exaltatum (Gentianaceae) catchfly prairie-gentian, catchfly prairiegentian, catchfly prairie gentian   Data available
Fimbristylis spadicea aka Fimbristylis castanea (Cyperaceae) none   Data available
Fimbristylis thermalis aka Fimbristylis spadicea (Cyperaceae) hotsprings fimbry, hot springs fimbry S:B, S:M
Helenium autumnale aka (Asteraceae) common sneezeweed, fall sneezeweed, mountain sneezeweed, bitterweed, false sunflower   Data available
Helianthus annuus (Asteraceae) common sunflower, sunflower, wild sunflower, annual sunflower   Data available
Hydrocotyle umbellata aka (Araliaceae) umbrella pennyroyal, manyflower marshpennywort   Data available
Iris virginica (Iridaceae) Virginia iris H:MR, S:F Photo available
Iva frutescens (Asteraceae) Jesuit's bark, bigleaf sumpweed S:B, S:M Photo availableData available
Juncus effusus (Juncaceae) lamp rush, common rush S:F Photo availableData available
Juncus megacephalus aka (Juncaceae) bighead rush   Data available
Juncus roemerianus (Juncaceae) needlegrass rush S:B, S:M Photo availableData available
Kosteletzkya pentacarpos aka Kosteletzkya virginica (Malvaceae) Virginia saltmarsh mallow S:B
Lilaeopsis chinensis (Apiaceae) eastern grasswort S:B, S:F Photo availableData available
Limonium carolinianum (Plumbaginaceae) Carolina sealavender, Carolina sea lavender, canker root, seaside thrift, American thrift, lavender thrift S:B, S:M Photo availableData available
Ludwigia peploides aka (Onagraceae) floating primrose, creeping waterprimrose, floating primrosewillow, floating primrose-willow   Data available
Ludwigia repens (Onagraceae) creeping primrosewillow, creeping waterpurslane, creeping primrose-willow H:MR, S:F Photo available
Lycium carolinianum (Solanaceae) Carolina desert-thorn, Carolina wolfberry   Data available
Lythrum lineare aka (Lythraceae) wand lythrum   Data available
Mikania scandens (Asteraceae) climbing hempvine, climbing hempweed S:F Data available
Morella cerifera aka (Myricaceae) waxmyrtle, wax myrtle   Data available
Nyssa aquatica (Nyssaceae) water tupelo S:F
Nyssa sylvatica (Nyssaceae) black gum, black tupelo, blackgum S:F
Opuntia humifusa (Cactaceae) Nopal del este, devil's-tongue, pricklypear   Data available
Panicum spp. ( (Poaceae) panicum   Data available
Peltandra spp. ( (Araceae) arrow arum S:F Photo availableData available
Persicaria hydropiperoides aka Polygonum hydropiperoides (Polygonaceae) swamp smartweed   Data available
Persicaria sagittata aka (Polygonaceae) arrowleaf tearthumb   Data available
Physostegia virginiana aka (Lamiaceae) obedient-plant, obedient plant   Data available
Pluchea carolinensis aka Pluchea odorata (Asteraceae) cure for all H:MR, S:F Photo available
Polygonum spp. ( (Polygonaceae) smartweed species S:F Photo availableData available
Pontederia cordata (Pontederiaceae) pickerelweed S:F Photo availableData available
Ptilimnium capillaceum aka (Apiaceae) threadleaf mockbishopweed, herbwilliam  
Rayjacksonia phyllocephala (Asteraceae) camphor daisy   Data available
Rumex verticillatus (Polygonaceae) swamp dock S:F Data available
Sabatia arenicola (Gentianaceae) sand rosegentian, sand rose gentian   Data available
Sabatia stellaris (Gentianaceae) rose of Plymouth S:B
Saccharum giganteum aka Erianthus giganteus (Poaceae) sugarcane plumegrass   Data available
Sagittaria lancifolia (Alismataceae) bulltongue, scythefruit arrowhead, bulltongue arrowhead H:MR, S:F Photo availableData available
Sagittaria latifolia (Alismataceae) wapato, sagittaire latifoliée, broadleaf arrowhead, common arrowhead, duck-potato H:MR, S:F Data available
Salicornia bigelovii (Amaranthaceae) dwarf saltwort S:M Photo availableData available
Salicornia depressa aka Salicornia virginica (Amaranthaceae) Virginia glasswort S:M Photo availableData available
Salicornia maritima aka Salicornia europaea (Amaranthaceae) slender glasswort, slender grasswort S:M Photo available
Schoenoplectus americanus aka Scirpus olneyi (Cyperaceae) chairmaker's bulrush, American bulrush, Olney bulrush, Schoenoplectus S:B Data available
Schoenoplectus pungens aka Scirpus americanus (Cyperaceae) common threesquare, Schoenoplectus S:B, S:F Data available
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani aka Scirpus validus (Cyperaceae) softstem bulrush, great bulrush, soft-stem bulrush S:F Photo availableData available
Sesuvium portulacastrum (Aizoaceae) shoreline seapurslane, cencilla   Data available
Setaria magna (Poaceae) giant bristlegrass H:MR, S:F Photo available
Seutera angustifolia aka Cynanchum angustifolium (Apocynaceae) Gulf-coast swallowwort, marsh swallowwort S:M Data available
Solidago sempervirens (Asteraceae) seaside goldenrod S:B, S:M Photo availableData available
Spartina alterniflora (Poaceae) smooth cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass S:B, S:M Photo availableData available
Spartina bakeri (Poaceae) sand cordgrass S:M Photo availableData available
Spartina cynosuroides (Poaceae) big cordgrass S:B, S:F Photo availableData available
Spartina patens (Poaceae) saltmeadow cordgrass, marshhay cordgrass, salt meadow cordgrass S:B, S:M Photo availableData available
Spartina spartinae (Poaceae) gulf cordgrass S:M Data available
Sporobolus virginicus (Poaceae) seashore dropseed S:M Photo availableData available
Suaeda linearis (Amaranthaceae) annual seepweed S:M Photo availableData available
Symphyotrichum tenuifolium aka Aster tenuifolius (Asteraceae) perennial saltmarsh aster S:B, S:M Photo availableData available
Typha angustifolia (Typhaceae) narrowleaf cattail, narrow-leaf cat-tail S:B, S:F Data available
Typha domingensis aka (Typhaceae) southern cattail   Data available
Uniola paniculata aka (Poaceae) seaoats   Photo available
Zizaniopsis miliacea (Poaceae) giant cutgrass S:F Photo availableData available
       
Fungi - Ascomycota - Dothideomycetes
Scientific Name Common Name Habitats (key) Resources
Mycosphaerella species 2 (Mycosphaerellaceae) none S:M Photo availableData available
Passeriniella obiones (Dacampiaceae) none   Photo available
Phaeosphaeria halima (Phaeosphaeriaceae) none S:M Photo availableData available
Phaeosphaeria spartinicola (Phaeosphaeriaceae) none S:M Photo availableData available
       
Fungi - Ascomycota - Sordariomycetes
Scientific Name Common Name Habitats (key) Resources
Buergenerula spartinae (Magnaporthaceae) none S:M Photo available
Claviceps purpurea (Clavicepitaceae) none   Photo available
       
Fungi - Ascomycota - Uncertain Class
Scientific Name Common Name Habitats (key) Resources
Tracylla spartinae none S:M Photo available

Key to Habitats:

H:FL -- Habitat Type: Fouling
H:HM -- Habitat Type: Hammock
H:MR -- Habitat Type: Marsh
H:PR -- Habitat Type: Parasitic
H:UF -- Habitat Type: Upland forest
S:B -- Salinity Zone: Brackish water
S:F -- Salinity Zone: Fresh water
S:M -- Salinity Zone: Marine
T:S -- Tidal Zone: Subtidal
T:T -- Tidal Zone: Terrestrial

LTER
NSF

This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under grants OCE-9982133, OCE-0620959 and OCE-1237140. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in the material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.