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GCE-LTER Plant Species List

Scope of the List:  This is a partial listing of the plant species that occur at or near Georgia Coastal Ecosystems Long Term Ecological Research monitoring sites GCE1 through GCE10. The list has been constructed mainly from anecdotal observations at the sites but also includes species which are likely to occur but which have not been observed directly.

List Contributors:
Steven C. Pennings, University of Houston, Houston, Texas
Thomas Dale Bishop, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia

Plantae - Tracheophyta (vascular plants) - Polypodiopsida (ferns)
Scientific Name Common Name Habitats (key) Resources
Osmunda regalis (Osmundaceae) royal fern S:F
Thelypteris palustris (Thelypteridaceae) marsh fern, meadow fern, eastern marsh fern   Data available
Plantae - Tracheophyta (vascular plants) - Pinopsida (conifers)
Scientific Name Common Name Habitats (key) Resources
Juniperus virginiana aka Juniperus silicicola (Cupressaceae) eastern red-cedar, genévrier rouge, red cedar juniper, eastern redcedar T:T Photo available
Taxodium distichum (Cupressaceae) baldcypress, bald cypress S:F Data available
Plantae - Tracheophyta (vascular plants) - Magnoliopsida (angiosperms)
Scientific Name Common Name Habitats (key) Resources
Agalinis maritima (Orobanchaceae) seaside gerardia, saltmarsh false foxglove   Data available
Ampelopsis arborea (Vitaceae) peppervine   Data available
Atriplex patula (Amaranthaceae) halberd-leaf orache, spear saltweed, spear saltbush, spear orach, spear-scale, spreading orache S:B Photo availableData available
Avicennia germinans (Acanthaceae) black mangrove   Data available
Baccharis halimifolia (Asteraceae) eastern baccharis S:M Photo availableData available
Batis maritima (Bataceae) turtleweed, saltwort S:M Photo availableData available
Bidens laevis (Asteraceae) smooth beggarticks, bur marigold H:MR, S:F Photo available
Bolboschoenus robustus aka Scirpus robustus (Cyperaceae) sturdy bulrush S:B, S:M Data available
Borrichia frutescens (Asteraceae) bushy seaside tansy, bushy seaoxeye S:M Photo availableData available
Carex spp. (Cyperaceae) laîches S:F
Cephalanthus occidentalis (Rubiaceae) buttonbush, common buttonbush S:F
Ceratophyllum demersum (Ceratophyllaceae) coon's-tail, coontail, hornwort, common hornwort, coon's tail H:UF, S:F Photo available
Cicuta maculata (Apiaceae) water hemlock, common water hemlock, poison parsnip, spotted cowbane, spotted parsley, spotted water-hemlock, spotted waterhemlock, spotted water hemlock H:MR, S:F Photo availableData available
Cladium jamaicense aka Cladium mariscus (Cyperaceae) Jamaica swamp sawgrass H:MR, S:B Photo availableData available
Cuscuta indecora (Convolvulaceae) largeseed dodder, pretty dodder, bigseed alfalfa dodder   Data available
Cyperus haspan (Cyperaceae) haspan flatsedge   Data available
Cyperus pseudovegetus (Cyperaceae) marsh flatsedge   Data available
Cyperus spp. (Cyperaceae) nutgrass , S:B, S:F Data available
Dichanthelium spp. (Poaceae) rosette grass ,   Data available
Distichlis littoralis aka Monanthochloe littoralis (Poaceae) none   Data available
Distichlis spicata (Poaceae) desert saltgrass, marsh spikegrass, saltgrass, inland saltgrass, seashore saltgrass S:B, S:M Photo availableData available
Eichhornia crassipes (Pontederiaceae) common water-hyacinth, water hyacinth, floating waterhyacinth, floating water hyacinth, jacinthe d'eau, jacinto de agua, lirio acuatico, mbekambekairanga, common water hyacinth   Photo available
Eleocharis fallax (Cyperaceae) creeping spikerush   Data available
Eleocharis palustris (Cyperaceae) spikesedge, creeping spikerush, common spikerush, marsh spike-rush, creeping spike-rush   Data available
Eleocharis spp. (Cyperaceae) spikesedge S:F Data available
Eustoma exaltatum (Gentianaceae) catchfly prairie-gentian, catchfly prairiegentian, catchfly prairie gentian   Data available
Fimbristylis spadicea aka Fimbristylis castanea (Cyperaceae) none   Data available
Fimbristylis thermalis aka Fimbristylis spadicea (Cyperaceae) hotsprings fimbry, hot springs fimbry S:B, S:M
Helenium autumnale (Asteraceae) common sneezeweed, fall sneezeweed, mountain sneezeweed, bitterweed, false sunflower   Data available
Helianthus annuus (Asteraceae) common sunflower, sunflower, wild sunflower, annual sunflower   Data available
Hydrocotyle umbellata (Araliaceae) umbrella pennyroyal, manyflower marshpennywort   Data available
Iris virginica (Iridaceae) Virginia iris H:MR, S:F Photo available
Iva frutescens (Asteraceae) Jesuit's bark, bigleaf sumpweed S:B, S:M Photo availableData available
Juncus effusus (Juncaceae) lamp rush, common rush S:F Photo availableData available
Juncus megacephalus (Juncaceae) bighead rush   Data available
Juncus roemerianus (Juncaceae) needlegrass rush S:B, S:M Photo availableData available
Kosteletzkya pentacarpos aka Kosteletzkya virginica (Malvaceae) Virginia saltmarsh mallow S:B
Lilaeopsis chinensis (Apiaceae) eastern grasswort S:B, S:F Photo availableData available
Limonium carolinianum (Plumbaginaceae) Carolina sealavender, Carolina sea lavender, canker root, seaside thrift, American thrift, lavender thrift S:B, S:M Photo availableData available
Ludwigia peploides (Onagraceae) floating primrose, creeping waterprimrose, floating primrosewillow, floating primrose-willow   Data available
Ludwigia repens (Onagraceae) creeping primrosewillow, creeping waterpurslane, creeping primrose-willow H:MR, S:F Photo available
Lycium carolinianum (Solanaceae) Carolina desert-thorn, Carolina wolfberry   Data available
Lythrum lineare (Lythraceae) wand lythrum   Data available
Mikania scandens (Asteraceae) climbing hempvine, climbing hempweed S:F Data available
Morella cerifera (Myricaceae) waxmyrtle, wax myrtle   Data available
Nyssa aquatica (Nyssaceae) water tupelo S:F Data available
Nyssa sylvatica (Nyssaceae) black gum, black tupelo, blackgum S:F Data available
Opuntia humifusa (Cactaceae) Nopal del este, devil's-tongue, pricklypear   Data available
Panicum spp. (Poaceae) panicum   Data available
Peltandra spp. (Araceae) arrow arum S:F Photo availableData available
Persicaria hydropiperoides aka Polygonum hydropiperoides (Polygonaceae) swamp smartweed   Data available
Persicaria sagittata (Polygonaceae) arrowleaf tearthumb   Data available
Physostegia virginiana (Lamiaceae) obedient-plant, obedient plant   Data available
Pluchea carolinensis aka Pluchea odorata (Asteraceae) cure for all H:MR, S:F Photo available
Polygonum spp. (Polygonaceae) smartweed species S:F Photo availableData available
Pontederia cordata (Pontederiaceae) pickerelweed S:F Photo availableData available
Ptilimnium capillaceum (Apiaceae) threadleaf mockbishopweed, herbwilliam  
Rayjacksonia phyllocephala (Asteraceae) camphor daisy   Data available
Rumex verticillatus (Polygonaceae) swamp dock S:F Data available
Sabatia arenicola (Gentianaceae) sand rosegentian, sand rose gentian   Data available
Sabatia stellaris (Gentianaceae) rose of Plymouth S:B
Saccharum giganteum aka Erianthus giganteus (Poaceae) sugarcane plumegrass   Data available
Sagittaria lancifolia (Alismataceae) bulltongue, scythefruit arrowhead, bulltongue arrowhead H:MR, S:F Photo availableData available
Sagittaria latifolia (Alismataceae) wapato, sagittaire latifoliée, broadleaf arrowhead, common arrowhead, duck-potato H:MR, S:F Data available
Salicornia bigelovii (Amaranthaceae) dwarf saltwort S:M Photo availableData available
Salicornia depressa aka Salicornia virginica (Amaranthaceae) Virginia glasswort S:M Photo availableData available
Salicornia maritima aka Salicornia europaea (Amaranthaceae) slender glasswort, slender grasswort S:M Photo available
Schoenoplectus americanus aka Scirpus olneyi (Cyperaceae) chairmaker's bulrush, American bulrush, Olney bulrush, Schoenoplectus S:B Data available
Schoenoplectus pungens aka Scirpus americanus (Cyperaceae) common threesquare, Schoenoplectus S:B, S:F Data available
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani aka Scirpus validus (Cyperaceae) softstem bulrush, great bulrush, soft-stem bulrush S:F Photo availableData available
Sesuvium portulacastrum (Aizoaceae) shoreline seapurslane, cencilla   Data available
Setaria magna (Poaceae) giant bristlegrass H:MR, S:F Photo available
Seutera angustifolia aka Cynanchum angustifolium (Apocynaceae) Gulf-coast swallowwort, marsh swallowwort S:M Data available
Solidago sempervirens (Asteraceae) seaside goldenrod S:B, S:M Photo availableData available
Spartina alterniflora (Poaceae) smooth cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass S:B, S:M Photo availableData available
Spartina bakeri (Poaceae) sand cordgrass S:M Photo availableData available
Spartina cynosuroides (Poaceae) big cordgrass S:B, S:F Photo availableData available
Spartina patens (Poaceae) saltmeadow cordgrass, marshhay cordgrass, salt meadow cordgrass S:B, S:M Photo availableData available
Spartina spartinae (Poaceae) gulf cordgrass S:M Data available
Sporobolus virginicus (Poaceae) seashore dropseed S:M Photo availableData available
Suaeda linearis (Amaranthaceae) annual seepweed S:M Photo availableData available
Symphyotrichum tenuifolium aka Aster tenuifolius (Asteraceae) perennial saltmarsh aster S:B, S:M Photo availableData available
Typha angustifolia (Typhaceae) narrowleaf cattail, narrow-leaf cat-tail S:B, S:F Data available
Typha domingensis (Typhaceae) southern cattail   Data available
Uniola paniculata (Poaceae) seaoats   Photo available
Zizaniopsis miliacea (Poaceae) giant cutgrass S:F Photo availableData available

Key to Habitats:

H:MR - Habitat Type: Marsh
H:UF - Habitat Type: Upland forest
S:B - Salinity Zone: Brackish water
S:F - Salinity Zone: Fresh water
S:M - Salinity Zone: Marine
T:T - Tidal Zone: Terrestrial


This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under grants OCE-9982133, OCE-0620959 and OCE-1237140. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in the material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.