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Title Responses of Coastal Ecosystems to Climate Change: Insights from Long-Term Ecological Research.
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Coastal ecosystems play a disproportionately large role in society, and climate change is altering their ecological structure and function, as well as their highly valued goods and services. In the present article, we review the results from decade-scale research on coastal ecosystems shaped by foundation species (e.g., coral reefs, kelp forests, coastal marshes, seagrass meadows, mangrove forests, barrier islands) to show how climate change is altering their ecological attributes and services. We demonstrate the value of site-based, long-term studies for quantifying the resilience of coastal systems to climate forcing, identifying thresholds that cause shifts in ecological state, and investigating the capacity of coastal ecosystems to adapt to climate change and the biological mechanisms that underlie it. We draw extensively from research conducted at coastal ecosystems studied by the US Long Term Ecological Research Network, where long-term, spatially extensive observational data are coupled with shorter-term mechanistic studies to understand the ecological consequences of climate change.

Contributors Daniel Reed, Russell Schmitt, Adrian B. Burd, Deron Burkepile, John S. Kominoski, Karen McGlathery, Robert Miller, James Morris and Julie C. Zinnert

Reed, D., Schmitt, R., Burd, A.B., Burkepile, D., Kominoski, J.S., McGlathery, K., Miller, R., Morris, J. and Zinnert, J.C. 2022. Responses of Coastal Ecosystems to Climate Change: Insights from Long-Term Ecological Research. BioScience. 72(9):871-888. (DOI: 10.1093/biosci/biac006)

Key Words climate change, coastal ecosystems
File Date 2022
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This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under grants OCE-9982133, OCE-0620959, OCE-1237140 and OCE-1832178. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in the material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.