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Accession: ANT-GCES-1308 Research Theme: Anthropology (Directed Study)
Contributors: John A. Turck, Victor Thompson
Title: Archaeological shovel test data for Little Sapelo Island, Mary Hammock, Patterson Island, and Pumpkin Hammock; Spring 2007, Summer 2007 and 2008
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine the human occupational history of Little Sapelo Island, Mary Hammock, Patterson Island, and Pumpkin Hammock in McIntosh County, GA. During the Spring of 2007 and Summers of 2007 and 2008, a systematic archaeological shovel test survey was performed at a closely-spaced interval of 20 meters. The shovel test grid was laid out using a Trimble GPS, in accordance with the Universal Trans Mercator coordinate system Zone 17, and the North American Datum of 1927 (with a typical accuracy between 1 and 6 m). Teams of two people would go to these locations, dig holes (typically 50 cm in diameter and 1 m deep), and put the soil through wire hardware cloth with a mesh size of 0.6 cm (i.e., 0.25 inch). All cultural material (except shell) were collected and put in labeled plastic bags. Only some shell samples were kept for future analysis. Ceramics were classified to determine surface treatment/ decoration, temper, and rim form, with the ultimate goal of determining their period of use. All of the data related to these shovel tests were entered into a spreadsheet, and that spreadsheet was turned into an ArcGIS point shapefile for analysis. These data are available for professional archaeologists only. Please contact the investigator by E-mail if you would like a copy of these data.
DOI: 10.6073/pasta/170c6db512991d4c8152cd81877d4b62
Key Words: Archaeological Survey, climate change, hammock, historical, Holocene, landscape change, Long-term Data
LTER Core Area: Other Site Research
Research Themes: Anthropology
Study Period: 16-Mar-2007 to 31-Jul-2008
Study Sites:
GCE_Domain -- GCE Domain, Sapelo Island, Georgia
» Download Geographic Coverage: Google Earth
Publications:

Thompson, V.D. and Turck, J.A. 2010. Island Archaeology and the Native American Economies (2500 B.C.ľA.D. 1700) of the Georgia Coast. Journal of Field Archaeology. 35(3):283-297. (DOI: 10.1179/009346910X12707321358991)

Turck, J.A. 2011. Geoarchaeological analysis of two back-barrier islands and their relationship to the changing landscape of coastal Georgia, U.S.A. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Georgia, Athens, GA. 239 pages. (DOI: 10.6073/pasta/d4e6577aa7dfcc6f2f36781f162a4124)

Turck, J.A. and Thompson, V.D. 2011. An Archaeological Survey of Mary Hammock (9MC351), McIntosh County, Georgia. In: Georgia Archaeological Site File. University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia.

Turck, J.A. and Thompson, V.D. 2011. An Archaeological Survey of Patterson Island (9MC493), McIntosh County, Georgia. In: . Report on file, Georgia Archaeological Site File, Athens.

Turck, J.A. and Thompson, V.D. 2012. An Archaeological Survey of Little Sapelo Island (Little Sapelo S- 9MC353 and N- 9MC352), McIntosh County, Georgia. In: . Report on file, Georgia Archaeological Site File, Athens.

Turck, J.A. and Thompson, V.D. 2013. An Archaeological Survey of Pumpkin Hammock (9MC350), McIntosh County, Georgia. In: . Report on file, Georgia Archaeological Site File, Athens.

Downloads: Information

Data Table: ANT-GCES-1308_Little_Sapelo (Archaeological shovel test data for Little Sapelo, Spring 2007, 769 records)

Access: Public (released 30-Aug-2013)

Metadata: Text (ESA FLED), XML (Ecological Metadata Language)

Data Formats: Spreadsheet (CSV) [35.70kb],  Text File [27.52kb],  MATLAB (GCE Toolbox) [125.06kb],  MATLAB (Variables) [98.98kb],  Text Report [47.17kb]

Column List:(display)


Data Table: ANT-GCES-1308_Mary_Hammock (Archaeological shovel test data for Mary Hammock, Summer 2008, 222 records)

Access: Public (released 30-Aug-2013)

Metadata: Text (ESA FLED), XML (Ecological Metadata Language)

Data Formats: Spreadsheet (CSV) [17.11kb],  Text File [12.38kb],  MATLAB (GCE Toolbox) [21.72kb],  MATLAB (Variables) [22.14kb],  Text Report [32.43kb]

Column List:(display)


Data Table: ANT-GCES-1308_Patterson_Island (Archaeological shovel test data for Patterson Island, Summer 2008, 393 records)

Access: Public (released 30-Aug-2013)

Metadata: Text (ESA FLED), XML (Ecological Metadata Language)

Data Formats: Spreadsheet (CSV) [25.81kb],  Text File [18.88kb],  MATLAB (GCE Toolbox) [21.66kb],  MATLAB (Variables) [21.99kb],  Text Report [38.97kb]

Column List:(display)


Data Table: ANT-GCES-1308_Pumpkin_Hammock (Archaeological shovel test data for Pumpkin Hammock, Summer 2007, 57 records)

Access: Public (released 30-Aug-2013)

Metadata: Text (ESA FLED), XML (Ecological Metadata Language)

Data Formats: Spreadsheet (CSV) [2.21kb],  Text File [1.36kb],  MATLAB (GCE Toolbox) [18.16kb],  MATLAB (Variables) [17.45kb],  Text Report [15.84kb]

Column List:(display)

Statistics: Generate script code to retrieve data tables for analysis in: MATLAB, R, SAS, SPSS
Citation: Turck, John A. 2013. Archaeological shovel test data for Little Sapelo Island, Mary Hammock, Patterson Island, and Pumpkin Hammock; Spring 2007, Summer 2007 and 2008. Georgia Coastal Ecosystems LTER Project, University of Georgia, Long Term Ecological Research Network. http://dx.doi.org/10.6073/pasta/170c6db512991d4c8152cd81877d4b62

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This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under grants OCE-9982133, OCE-0620959, OCE-1237140 and OCE-1832178. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in the material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.