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GCE-LTER Data Set Summary

Accession: ANT-GCED-2005 Research Theme: Anthropology (Directed Study)
Contributors: Carey J. Garland, Victor Thompson, Rick Torben, David Thomas, Karen Smith, Sarah Bergh, Matt Sanger, Bryan Tucker, Isabelle Lulewicz, Anna Semon, John Schalles, Christine Hladik, Clark Alexander, Brandon Ritchison
Title: Oyster Paleobiology along the South Atlantic Coast of the United States
Abstract: This dataset includes morphometric data collected from 37,805 oyster shells (Crassostrea virginica) from 15 Late Archaic (ca. 4500-3500 cal. BP) through Mississippian (ca. 1150 - 370 cal. BP) period archaeological sites situated along the South Atlantic Coast of the United States. Variations in oyster size is an important proxy for paleoenvironment and human population pressures. These data are part of a larger project examining oyster ecosystem stability and Native American oyster harvesting practices over the last 5,000 years. Oyster measurements were collected by many undergraduate and graduate students from multiple universities. Carey Garland added to and cleaned the data sheet between August 2018 and May 2019. The dataset was structured to include the Island, site name, time period, and provenience (e.g., unit, level, etc.) associated with each oyster measured. The original oyster database contains sensitive information, such as the specific location of archaeological sites. If a professional archaeologist needs site location information, they can contact the Georgia Archaeological Site File.
DOI: 10.6073/pasta/581d10fe0cd0d1d87b1d0742d1f84ad0
Key Words: archaeology, ecosystems, GCE, Georgia, holocene, oyster paleobiology and ecosystem stability, South Atlantic Bight, UGA
LTER Core Area: Population Studies
Research Themes: GCE2 Q4 - Lateral Gradients, Anthropology
Study Period: 01-Aug-2018 to 01-Aug-2019
Study Sites:
SE_Coast -- Southeastern USA Coast, USA
» Download Geographic Coverage: Google Earth
Species References: Crassostrea virginica
Project References: Archeological studies

Thompson, V.D., Rick, T., Garland, C.J., Thomas, D.H., Smith, K.Y., Bergh, S., Sanger, M., Tucker, B., Lulewicz, I.H., Semon, A.M., Schalles, J.F., Hladik, C.M., Alexander, C.R. Jr. and Ritchison, B.T. 2020. Ecosystem stability and Native American oyster harvesting along the Atlantic Coast of the United States. Science Advances. 6. (DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aba9652)

Downloads: Information

Data Table: ANT-GCED-2005 (Main data table for data set ANT-GCED-2005, 37805 records)

Access: Public (released 01-Jun-2020)

Metadata: Text (ESA FLED), XML (Ecological Metadata Language)

Data Formats: Spreadsheet (CSV) [3038.34kb],  Text File [2828.52kb],  MATLAB (GCE Toolbox) [403.68kb],  MATLAB (Variables) [402.96kb],  Text Report [3050.08kb]

Column List:(hide)

Column Name Units Type Description
1 Site none string Site name
2 Location none string Name of island were site is located
3 Period none string Time Period
4 Provenience_1 none string Provenience information such as unit, feature, level (lvl), depth (cmbs, cmbd), northing and easting
5 Valve_Length mm floating-point Oyster left valve length measurement
6 Hinge_Length mm floating-point Oyster left hinge length measurement
7 Valve_Height mm floating-point Oyster left valve height measurement
Statistics: Generate script code to retrieve data tables for analysis in: MATLAB, R, SAS, SPSS
Citation: Garland, Carey J. 2020. Oyster Paleobiology along the South Atlantic Coast of the United States. Georgia Coastal Ecosystems LTER Project, University of Georgia, Long Term Ecological Research Network. http://dx.doi.org/10.6073/pasta/581d10fe0cd0d1d87b1d0742d1f84ad0

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This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under grants OCE-9982133, OCE-0620959, OCE-1237140 and OCE-1832178. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in the material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.