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Title Estuarine and Coastal Ecosystems and Their Services
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The global decline in estuarine and coastal ecosystems (ECEs) is affecting a number of critical benefits, or ecosystem services. We review the main ecological functions and their services across a variety of ECEs, including marshes, mangroves, nearshore coral reefs, seagrass beds, and sand beaches and dunes. We cite estimates of the key economic values arising from these services, and discuss how the natural variability of ECE impacts their benefits, the synergistic relationships of ECE across seascapes, and the management implications.

Contributors Edward B. Barbier, Sally D. Hacker, Evamaria W. Koch, A. Stier and Brian R. Silliman

Barbier, E.B., Hacker, S.D., Koch, E.W., Stier, A. and Silliman, B.R. 2011. Estuarine and Coastal Ecosystems and Their Services. Pages 109-127 in: van den Belt, M. and Costanza, R. (editors). Treatise on Estuarine and Coastal Science. Elsevier. (DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-374711-2.01206-7)

Key Words Coral reef, Economic value, Ecosystem service, Estuarine and coastal ecosystem, Mangrove, Salt marsh, Sand dune, Seagrass, Seascape
File Date 2011
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This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under grants OCE-9982133, OCE-0620959, OCE-1237140 and OCE-1832178. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in the material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.